I ended up finding the answer through a Google search (after learning what to search for through this forum). I'll post it here for others:http://www.gpsinformation.org/dale/nmea.htm
The SiRF line of chips support several input sentences that permit the user to customize the way the chip behaves. In addition SiRF has a binary protocol that is even more powerful permitting different implementations to behave entirely differently. However, most applications do not attempt to customize the behavior so a user will need to make sure that the any customization is compatible with the application they are planning to use. There are 5 input sentences defined that begin with $PSRF which is followed by three digits. Each sentence takes a fix amount of input fields which must exist, no null fields, and is terminated with the standard CR/LF sequence. The checksum is required.
The sentences 100 and 102 set the serial ports. 100 sets the main port A while 102 sets the DGPS input port B. 100 has an extra field that can be used to switch the interface to binary mode. Binary mode requires 8 bits, 1 stop bit, no parity. There is a command in binary mode that will switch the interface back to NMEA. Do not use the NMEA command to switch to binary mode unless you have the ability to switch it back. You could render your gps inoperative.
0 0=SiRF, 1=NMEA - This is where the protocol is changed.
9600 b/s rate 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400
8 7, 8 Databits
1 0, 1 Stopbits
0 0=none, 1=odd, 2=even Parity
The sentences 101 and 104 can be used to initialize values to be used by the gps. Supplying these values can shorten the initial lock time. If the clock offset is set to 0 then an internal default will be used. Sentence 101 supplies data in the internal ECEF (Earth centered, Earth Fixed) format in meters while sentence 104 supplies the data in the traditional Lat / Lon format.
37.3875111 Latitude in degrees
-121.97232 Longitude in degrees
0 Ellipsoid Altitude in meters
95000 Clock offset
237759 GPS Time of Week in seconds
922 GPS Week Number
12 Channel count (1 to 12)
3 Reset config where
1 = warm start, ephemeris valid
2 = clear ephemeris, warm start (First Fix)
3 = initialize with data, clear ephemeris
4 = cold start, clear all data
8 = cold start, set factory defaults
The sentence 103 is used to control which NMEA sentences are to be sent and how often. Each sentence type is controlled individually. If the query bit is set then the gps responds by sending this message in the next second no matter what the rate is set to. Note that if trickle power is in use (can only be set in binary mode) then the actual update rate will be the selected update rate times the trickle rate which could mean that the data will be sent less frequently than was set here.
00 mode, 0=set rate, 1=query
01 rate in seconds, 0-255
01 checksum 0=no, 1=yes
The 105 sentence controls a debug mode which causes the gps to report any errors it finds with the input data. $PSRF105,1*3E would turn debug on while $PSRF105,0*3F would turn it off.